East Arnhem incorporates Groote Eylandt and Elcho Island and is home to the Yolngu people, one of the largest Indigenous groups in Australia. They have lived in the region for at least 40,000 years.
Arnhem Land and the Gove Peninsula experience tropical conditions, with dry months from May to September and wet months from December to March. Temperatures range from 25-33°C in the wet season and 20-30°C in the dry season. The average rainfall is 321mm in the wet season and 2mm in the dry season.
East Arnhem has an estimated population of 14,525 people, approximately 6% of the total NT population. The main township of Nhulunbuy is located on the Gove Peninsula, with a population of approximately 3,240 people
East Arnhem is serviced by one private general practice and three Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services – Mitwatj Health Aboriginal Corporation, Laynhapuy Homelands Aboriginal Corporation, and Marthakal Homelands Health Service.
Gove District Hospital services the region with 30 beds, providing emergency services, surgical and medical care, paediatrics and obstetrics.